The Ottoman Empire also known by its contemporaries since the Turkish Empire. was an Islamic empire that lasted from 1299 to November 1, July 24, 1923 It was succeeded by the Republic of Turkey,which was officially proclaimed on October 29, 1923. At the height of its power (16th–17th centuries), the empire spanned three continents, controlling much of Western Asia, Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and North Africa. The Ottoman Empire contained 29 provinces and numerous vassal states, a few of which were later absorbed into the empire, while others gained various forms of autonomy during the course of centuries.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates, and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom, that had originated with the overseas colonies and trading posts established by England in the late 16th and early 17th centuries. At its height it absolutely was the largest empire ever sold and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1922, the British Empire held sway over a population of about 458 million people, one-quarter of the world's population at the time, and covered more than 13,000,000 square miles (33,670,000 km2): approximately a fraction of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread. At the peak of its power, it absolutely was often stated that “the sun never sets on the British Empire” because its span across the globe ensured that the sun was always shining on a minumum of one of its numerous territories.
The Mughal Empire was an Islamic imperial power that ruled a sizable part of Indian subcontinent which began in 1526, invaded and ruled most of South Asia by the late 17th and early 18th centuries, and ended in the mid-19th century.The Mughal Emperors were descendants of the Timurids of Turkistan, and at the height of their power around 1700, they controlled the majority of the Indian Subcontinent—extending from Bengal in the east to Balochistan in the west, Kashmir in the north to the Kaveri basin in the south. Its population during those times has been estimated as between 110 and 130 million, over a territory of over 4 million sq. km (1.5 million sq. mi.).The “classic period” of the Empire started in 1556 with the accession of Jalaluddin Mohammad Akbar, better referred to as Akbar the Great. It ended with the death of Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, although the Empire continued for another 150 years.
The Mongol Empire was an empire from the 13th and 14th century spanning from Eastern Europe across Asia. It emerged from the unification of Mongol and Turkic tribes in current day Mongolia, and grew through invasions, after Genghis Khan have been proclaimed ruler of most Mongols in 1206. At its greatest extent it stretched from the Danube to the Sea of Japan (or East Sea) and from the Arctic to Camboja, covering over 24,000,000 km2 , 22% of the Earth's total land area, and held sway over a population of over 100 million people. It is often identified whilst the ” Mongol World Empire ” because it spanned a lot of Eurasia. However, the empire started initially to split following the succession war in 1260–1264. By 1294, he Mongol Empire had already fractured into four separate empires, each pursuing its separate interests and objectives.
The Russian Empire was a declare that existed from 1721 until the Russian Revolution of 1917. It had been the successor to the Tsardom of Russia, and the predecessor of the Soviet Union. At one point in 1866, it stretched from eastern Europe, across Asia, and into North America. At the beginning of the 19th century, Russia was the biggest country on earth, extending from the Arctic Ocean to the n
The Qing Dynasty was the last ruling dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 (with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917). It absolutely was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed closely by the Republic of China. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in what's today northeast China, (also referred to as Manchuria). Starting in 1644 it expanded into China proper and its surrounding territories, establishing the Empire of the Great Qing. Complete pacification of China was accomplished around 1683.The Qing Dynasty was overthrown following a Xinhai Revolution, once the Empress Dowager Longyu abdicated for the last emperor, Puyi, on February 12, 1912.
A caliphate may be the Islamic kind of government representing the political unity and leadership of the Muslim world. The Caliph's position is on the basis of the notion of a successor to Muhammad's political authority. In accordance with Sunnis, a Caliph can be any pious Muslim who's elected by the Muslims or their representatives; and in accordance with Shia Islam, an Imam descended in a line from the Ahl al-Bayt.
The Umayyad Caliphate was the next of the four Islamic caliphates established after the death of Muhammad (PBUH). It was ruled by the Umayyad dynasty, whose name derives from Umayya ibn Abd Shams, the great-grandfather of the first Umayyad caliph. Even though the Umayyad family originally came from the town of Mecca, Damascus was the capital of these Caliphate. Eventually, it would cover more than five million square miles, rendering it the greatest empire the world had yet seen. The Umayyads established the greatest Arab-Muslim state in history. From the time of prophet Muhammad until 1924, successive and contemporary caliphates were held by various dynasties, such as the Rashidun Caliphate of the first four caliphs after Muhammad, the Umayyads located in Damascus and Córdoba, the Abbasids located in Baghdad & later in Cairo, the Fatimids located in Cairo, and finally the Turkish Ottoman Empire located in Istanbul.
The Roman Empire was the post-Republican phase of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings in Europe and across the Mediterranean. The Roman Republic, which preceded it, had been weakened and subverted through several civil wars.Several events are commonly proposed to mark the transition from Republic to Empire, including Julius Caesar's appointment as perpetual dictator (44 BC), the Battle of Actium (2 September 31 BC), and the Roman Senate's granting to Octavian the honorific Augustus (4 January 27 BC). Roman expansion began in the days of the Republic, but reached its zenith under Emperor Trajan. Only at that territorial peak, the Roman Empire controlled approximately 6.5 million km² of land surface. Due to the Empire's vast extent and long endurance, Roman influence upon the language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and government of nations around the world lasts to this day.
The Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550–330 BC), also known as the Persian Empire , was the successor state of the Median Empire, ruling over significant portions of what can become Greater Iran. The Persian and the Median Empire taken together may also be known as the Medo-Persian Empire , which encompassed the combined territories of several earlier empires. The empire was forged by Cyrus the Great, and spanned three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe. At its greatest extent, the empire included the territories of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan, parts of Central Asia, Asia Minor, Thrace and Macedonia, much of the Black Sea coastal regions, Iraq, northern Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Lebanon, Syria, and all significant population centers of ancient Egypt as far west as Libya. It's noted in western history as the foe of the Greek city states throughout the Greco-Persian Wars, for emancipation of slaves like the Jews from their Babylonian captivity, and for instituting the use of official languages throughout its territories. The Achaemenid Persian empire was invaded by Alexander III of Macedon, and it collapsed and disintegrated in 330 BC into what later became the Ptolemaic Kingdom and Seleucid Empire, along with other minor territories which gained independence.
The Akkadian Empire (2334 BC to 2083 BC) was an empire centered in the city of Akkad and its surrounding region (in Ancient Iraq). The Akkadian state was the predecessor of the ethnic Akkadian states of Babylonia and Assyria; formed following centuries of Akkadian cultural synergy with others, it reached the height of its power between the 24th and 22nd centuries BC after the conquests of king Sargon of Akkad, and may also be regarded as the first manifestation of an empire in history.
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