The Qing Dynasty was the last ruling dynasty of China, ruling from 1644 to 1912 (with a brief, abortive restoration in 1917). It absolutely was preceded by the Ming Dynasty and followed closely by the Republic of China. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro in what’s today northeast China, (also referred to as Manchuria). Starting in 1644 it expanded into China proper and its surrounding territories, establishing the Empire of the Great Qing. Complete pacification of China was accomplished around 1683.The Qing Dynasty was overthrown following a Xinhai Revolution, once the Empress Dowager Longyu abdicated for the last emperor, Puyi, on February 12, 1912.